Opioids/ Opiates:

Codeine, Fentanyl (Duragesic, Fentora), Hydrocodone (Lorcet, Lortab, Norco, Vicodin), Hydromorphone (Dilaudid), Meperidine (Demerol), Methadone (Dolophine, Methadose), Morphine (MS Contin), Oxycodone (OxyContin, Percocet, Roxicet), Tramadol (Ultram), Buprenorphine/ Naloxone (Suboxone, Subutex, Zubsolv), Heroin (dope, smack, H, snow), Poppy Seeds and Kratom (Ketum). 

Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illegal drug heroin. They also include synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and prescription pain relievers like oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine, morphine, and many others. Opiates are substances with active ingredients that are naturally derived from opium. Opiates include morphine and codeine, which are both directly made from the opium found in poppy plants.

All opiates are opioids. Opioids are chemically related and interact with opioid receptors on nerve cells in the body and brain. Opioid pain relievers are generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by a doctor, but because they produce euphoria in addition to pain relief, they can be misused (taken in a different way or in a larger quantity than prescribed, or taken without a doctor’s prescription). Regular use—even as prescribed by a doctor—can lead to dependence and, when misused, opioid pain relievers can lead to addiction, overdose incidents, and deaths.

For More Information on the Treatment of Opioids and Opiates:




For Articles on the Opioid Epidemic:

Out of Sight, Out of Mind? The Opioid Epidemic 2020

Opioid Overdoses in Michigan – Bridge Interview

Sanford’s Rae Green in MiBiz Article on Michigan’s Opioid Crisis

Opinion Rae Green: Funding for Opioid Crisis Not Enough