Synthetic Drugs – Cannabinoids, Stimulants and MDMA
Cannabinoids – Spice, K2 , Blaze, Red X Dawn, Genie, Zohai; Synthetic Stimulants: bath salts, Ivory Wave, Purple Wave, Red Dove, Blue Silk, Zoom, Bloom, Cloud Nine, Ocean Snow, Lunar Wave, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning, Scarface and Hurricane Charlie; MDMA: Ecstasy, XTC, E, X, Beans, Adams, Love Drug, Hug Drug, Scooby snacks, Snowball,etc.
Synthetic drugs are chemical compounds produced in a laboratory. They are legitimately produced commercially by drug manufacturers for medical purposes. But synthetic drugs are also produced illegally in laboratories that cater to illegal markets. When produced illegally, synthetic drugs are made to mimic the effects of natural drugs, such as marijuana.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) says the primary users of these synthetic drugs are youth. Because these products are inexpensive and easily accessible to teenagers online. They can also be found in convenience stores, smoke shops, head shops and even gas stations.
Synthetic drugs can pose a serious threat. But it is difficult for regulatory agencies to control synthetic drugs. Often synthetics are modified by manufacturers to get around existing drug laws. They might be labeled “not for human consumption” to avoid FDA regulations.
Easy access, low prices and a misconception that synthetic drugs are “natural”, and harmless have contributed to synthetic drug abuse. Also, standard drug tests cannot easily detect many of the chemicals in synthetic drugs. Synthetic drugs are commonly divided into two categories: Cannabinoids and Stimulants. Synthetic Cannabinoids mimic the effects of THC in marijuana. Stimulants mimic the effects of cocaine, LSD and methamphetamine.
Synthetic drugs can have severe, adverse effects on health, a high potential for addiction and abuse, and can be potentially life threatening. Cannabinoids cause agitation, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, high blood pressure, tremors and seizures, and hallucinations. They may also produce suicidal and other harmful thoughts and actions.
Synthetic stimulants produce effects like increased heart rate and blood pressure, chest pain, paranoia and hallucinations, delusions, and the potential for exhibiting violent behavior.
MDMA is a popular synthetic drug. It is usually sold in nightclubs and “raves”. It comes in a capsule, tablet, crystalline powder or liquid form. MDMA causes dehydration and hypothermia, long-term learning impairment, nausea, chills, sweating, jaw clenching and teeth grinding, muscle cramping, blurred vision, high blood pressure, heart failure and arrhythmia.
Individual, group and family therapies are used most effectively with synthetic drugs. At present, none of the synthetic drugs has been associated with withdrawal symptoms, which means there is generally no need for a period of detoxification, although the client does have to demonstrate they have been free from the substances for a certain period of time.